作品2：《沉睡的吉普赛姑娘》 (The Sleeping Gypsy，1897)布面油画，129.5 x 200.7 cm，美国纽约现代美术馆(MoMa)
Henri Julien Félix Rousseau ( May 21, 1844 – September 2, 1910) was a French post-impressionist painter in the Naïve or Primitive manner. He was also known as Le Douanier (the customs officer), a humorous description of his occupation as a toll collector. Ridiculed during his lifetime by critics, he came to be recognized as a self-taught genius whose works are of high artistic quality. Rousseau's work exerted an extensive influence on several generations of avant-garde artists.
The Sleeping Gypsy (French: La Bohémienne endormie) is an 1897 oil painting by Henri Rouseau. It is a fantastical depiction of a lion musing over a sleeping woman on a moonlit night.
Rousseau first exhibited the painting at the 13th Salon des Indépendants, and tried unsuccessfully to sell it to the mayor of his hometown, Laval. Instead, it entered the private collection of a Parisian charcoal merchant where it remained until 1924, when it was discovered by the art critic Louis Vauxcelles. The Paris-based art dealer Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler purchased the painting in 1924, although a controversy arose over whether the painting was a forgery. It was acquired by art historian Alfred H. Barr Jr. for the New York Museum of Modern Art.
Rousseau described his painting as follows: "A wandering Negress, a mandolinplayer, lies with her jar beside her (a vase with drinking water), overcome byfatigue in a deep sleep. A lion chances to pass by, picks up her scent yet do-es not devour her. There is a moonlight effect, very poetic."